Use of the potential natural vegetation map and associated tools

Selection of publications which have cited the potential natural vegetation map of eastern Africa (or the Atlas of natural vegetation of Ethiopia, which now is part of the Vegetationmap4africa PNV map) and other data / information provided on this website. These show some of the possible application domains and specific user-cases for the potential natural vegetation map and its accompanying tools. If you know of a study / publication that has used one of the tools on this website, please let us know.


  • Fischer, Sahrah, e.a. “The Baobab (Adansonia Digitata L.) in Southern Kenya–A Study on Status, Distribution, Use and Importance in Taita–Taveta County”. Environmental Management, juni 2020. Springer Link, doi:10.1007/s00267-020-01311-7.
  • Asefa, Mengesha, e.a. “Ethiopian Vegetation Types, Climate and Topography”. Plant Diversity, mei 2020. ScienceDirect, doi:10.1016/j.pld.2020.04.004.


  • van der Plas, Geert W., e.a. “Distinct Phases of Natural Landscape Dynamics and Intensifying Human Activity in the Central Kenya Rift Valley during the Past 1300 Years”. Quaternary Science Reviews, vol. 218, augustus 2019, pp. 91–106. ScienceDirect, doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.06.009.
  • Knüsel, Mara A., e.a. “Correlates of Home Range Sizes of Giraffes, Giraffa Camelopardalis”. Animal Behaviour, vol. 149, maart 2019, pp. 143–51. ScienceDirect, doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2019.01.017.


  • Zhou, Yadong, e.a. “Species Richness and Phylogenetic Diversity of Seed Plants across Vegetation Zones of Mount Kenya, East Africa”. Ecology and Evolution, vol. 8, nr. 17, 2018, pp. 8930–39. Wiley Online Library, doi:10.1002/ece3.4428.
  • Derero, Abayneh, e.a. “Genecological Zones and Selection Criteria for Natural Forest Populations for Conservation: The Case of Boswellia Papyrifera in Ethiopia”. Journal of Forestry Research, vol. 29, nr. 2, maart 2018, pp. 515–24. Springer Link, doi:10.1007/s11676-017-0466-8.
  • Demisse, Getachew B., e.a. “Vegetation condition prediction for drought monitoring in pastoralist areas: a case study in Ethiopia”. International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol. 39, nr. 14, augustus 2018, pp. 4599–615. Taylor and Francis+NEJM, doi:10.1080/01431161.2017.1421797.
  • Friis, Ib, e.a. “The Gerire Hills, SE Ethiopia: ecology and phytogeographical position of an additional local endemic, Anacampseros specksii (Anacampserotaceae)”. Webbia, vol. 74, nr. 2, juli 2019, pp. 185–92. Taylor and Francis+NEJM, doi:10.1080/00837792.2019.1670020.


  • Zhou, Yadong, e.a. “Vascular flora of Kenya, based on the Flora of Tropical East Africa”. PhytoKeys, nr. 90, november 2017, pp. 113–26. PubMed Central, doi:10.3897/phytokeys.90.20531.
  • Dawson, Ian K., e.a. “A Meta-Analysis of Molecular Marker Genetic Datasets for Eastern Africa Trees Supports the Utility of Potential Natural Vegetation Maps for Planning Climate-Smart Restoration Initiatives”. Tree Genetics & Genomes, vol. 13, nr. 4, juni 2017, p. 71. Springer Link, doi:10.1007/s11295-017-1155-7.
  • Friis, Ib, e.a. “Kalanchoe Hypseloleuce (Crassulaceae), a New Species from Eastern Ethiopia, with Notes on Its Habitat”. Kew Bulletin, vol. 72, nr. 2, mei 2017, p. 30. Springer Link, doi:10.1007/s12225-017-9704-7.


  • van Breugel, P., e.a. “Current and Future Fire Regimes and Their Influence on Natural Vegetation in Ethiopia”. Ecosystems, vol. 19, nr. 2, maart 2016, pp. 369–86. Springer Link, doi:10.1007/s10021-015-9938-x.
  • Hawinkel, P., e.a. “Vegetation Response to Precipitation Variability in East Africa Controlled by Biogeographical Factors”. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, vol. 121, nr. 9, 2016, pp. 2422–44. Wiley Online Library, doi:10.1002/2016JG003436.
  • Meerts, Pierre. “An Annotated Checklist to the Trees and Shrubs of the Upper Katanga (D.R. Congo)”. Phytotaxa, vol. 258, nr. 3, mei 2016, pp. 201–50. http://www.mapress.com, doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.258..1.


  • Telila, H., Hylander, K., & Nemomissa, S. 2015. The potential of small Eucalyptus plantations in farmscapes to foster native woody plant diversity: local and landscape constraints. Restoration Ecology 23: 918–926.
  • van Breugel P, Kindt R, Lillesø J-PB, van Breugel M (2015) Environmental Gap Analysis to Prioritize Conservation Efforts in Eastern Africa. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0121444. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0121444
  • Hendrickx H, Jacob M, Frankl A, Guyassa E, Nyssen J. 2015. Quaternary glacial and periglacial processes in the Ethiopian Highlands in relation to the current afro-alpine vegetation. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie 59:37–57.
  • Mukuve FM, Fenner RA. 2015. The influence of water, land, energy and soil-nutrient resource interactions on the food system in Uganda. Food Policy 51:24–37.
  • Yineger H, Schmidt DJ, Teketay D, Zalucki J, Hughes JM. 2015. Gene dispersal inference across forest patches in an endangered medicinal tree: comparison of model-based approaches. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bij.12467 (early view)
  • Hailuab BT, Maeda EE, Heiskanena J, Pellikkaa P. 2015. Reconstructing pre-agricultural expansion vegetation cover of Ethiopia. In: Berlin: University of Helsinki, Faculty of Science, Division of Geography and Addis Ababa University College of Natural Sciences School of Earth Sciences https://www.researchgate.net/publication/277015090_Reconstructing_pre-agricultural_expansion_vegetation_cover_of_Ethiopia
  • Beedy T, Njoloma J, Aynekulu E, Coe R, Takoutsing B, Shepherd K. 2015. Land health surveillance in four agro-ecologies in Malawi. Working paper 192. Nairobi, Kenya: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) http://www.worldagroforestry.org/downloads/Publications/PDFS/WP14254.pdf


  • Abtew AA, Pretzsch J, Secco L, Mohamod TE. 2014. Contribution of Small-Scale Gum and Resin Commercialization to Local Livelihood and Rural Economic Development in the Drylands of Eastern Africa. Forests 5:952–77.
  • Dawson IK, Carsan S, Franzel S, Kindt R, van Breugel P, Graudal L, Lillesø J-PB, Orwa C, Jamnadass R. 2014. Agroforestry, livestock, fodder production and climate change adaptation and mitigation in East Africa: issues and options. World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) http://www.worldagroforestry.org/downloads/publications/PDFs/WP14050.PDF.
  • Friis I, Weber O. 2014. Crotalaria trifoliolata (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae), a previously incompletely known Ethiopian endemic rediscovered after 120 years. Kew Bulletin 69:1–9.
  • Graudal L, Aravanopoulos F, Bennadji Z, Changtragoon S, Fady B, Kjær ED, Loo J, Ramamonjisoa L, Vendramin GG. 2014. Global to local genetic diversity indicators of evolutionary potential in tree species within and outside forests. Forest Ecology and Management 333:35–51.
  • Hassan BA. 2014. An Assessment of the Socio-Economic and Ecological Impacts of Environmental Changes on Rural Livelihood: A Study Across Addado, Buhodle and Northern Galkaayo of Central and Northern Somalia. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 3:279.
  • Jessen M. 2014. Effects of termites (Macrotermes) and large Herbivores on exotic and native tree species in Lake Mburo National Park, Uganda. 27. http://brage.bibsys.no/xmlui/handle/11250/217750.
  • Kidane B, Maesen LJG van der, Asfaw Z, Sosef MSM, Andel T van. 2014. Wild and semi-wild leafy vegetables used by the Maale and Ari ethnic communities in southern Ethiopia. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 62:221–34.
  • Kindt R, Groen T, de Leeuw J, Lillesø J-PB. 2014. Chapter 5: Distribution and ecology of trees in Eastern Africa drylands. In: de Leeuw J, Njenga M, Wagner B, Iiyama M, editors. An assessment of the resilience provided by trees in the drylands of Eastern Africa. Nairobi, Kenya: ICRAF. pp 24–34.
  • Lemenih M, Wiersum KF, Woldeamanuel T, Bongers F. 2014. Diversity and Dynamics of Management of Gum and Resin Resources in Ethiopia: A Trade-Off Between Domestication and Degradation: Diversity and Dynamics of Gum Resin Production in Ethiopia. Land Degradation & Development 25:130–42.
  • Tanzania atlas of Environmental Services. Vital Signs. URL: http://tanzania.vitalsigns.org/atlas
  • Tefera, B., Ruelle, M. L., Asfaw, Z., & Abraha Tsegay, B. 2014. Woody plant diversity in an Afromontane agricultural landscape (Debark District, northern Ethiopia). Forests, Trees and Livelihoods 23: 261–279.
  • Uganda atlas of Environmental Services. Vital Signs. URL: http://uganda.vitalsigns.org/atlas
  • Yineger H, Schmidt D, Hughes J. 2014. Genetic structuring of remnant forest patches in an endangered medicinal tree in North-western Ethiopia. BMC Genetics 15:31.


  • Bishaw, Badege, Henry Neufeldt, Jeremias Mowo, Abdu Abdelkadir, Jonathan Muriuki, Gemedo Dalle, Tewodros Assefa, Kathleen Guillozet, Habtemariam Kassa, Ian K. Dawson, Eike Luedeling, and Cheikh Mbow. 2013. Farmers’ Strategies for Adapting to and Mitigating Climate Variability and Change through Agroforestry in Ethiopia and Kenya, edited by Caryn M. Davis, Bryan Bernart, and Aleksandra Dmitriev. Forestry Communications Group, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon.
  • Dawson IK, Guariguata MR, Loo J, Weber JC, Lengkeek A, Bush D, Cornelius J, Guarino L, Kindt R, Orwa C, Russell J, Jamnadass R. 2013. What is the relevance of smallholders’ agroforestry systems for conserving tropical tree species and genetic diversity in circa situm, in situ and ex situ settings? A review. Biodiversity and Conservation 22:301–24.
  • Demissew S, Friis I. 2013. Commiphora oddurensis Chiov. and C. suffruticosa Teshome (Burseraceae): taxonomy, distribution, ecology and conservation status. Webbia 68:133–45.
  • Kebede M, Yirdaw E, Luukkanen O, Lemenih M. 2013. Plant community analysis and effect of environmental factors on the diversity of woody species in the moist Afromontane forest of Wondo Genet, South Central Ethiopia. Biodiversity: Research and Conservation 29:63–80.
  • Luedeling E, Muthuri C, Kindt R. 2013. Ecosystem vulnerability to climate change. World Agroforestry Centre. http://www.worldagroforestry.org/downloads/publications/PDFs/WP13034.PDF.
  • Schmitt CB. 2013. Global tropical forest types as support for the consideration of biodiversity under REDD+. Carbon Management 4:501–17.
  • Schmitt CB, Senbeta F, Woldemariam T, Rudner M, Denich M. 2013. Importance of regional climates for plant species distribution patterns in moist Afromontane forest. Journal of Vegetation Science 24:553–68.
  • Tolley K, Herrel A, editors. 2013. The biology of chameleons. Berkeley: University of California Press
  • Vinceti B, Loo J, Gaisberger H, van Zonneveld MJ, Schueler S, Konrad H, Kadu CAC, Geburek T. 2013. Conservation Priorities for Prunus africana Defined with the Aid of Spatial Analysis of Genetic Data and Climatic Variables. PLoS ONE 8:e59987.
  • Friis I, Harris T. 2013. Alchornea cordifolia (Schumach. & Thonn.) Muell. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae), a disjunct Guineo-Congolian tree found in Ethiopia as dominant in riverine forest. Webbia 68:147–54.


  • Aynekulu E, Aerts R, Moonen P, Denich M, Gebrehiwot K, Vågen T-G, Mekuria W, Boehmer HJ. 2012. Altitudinal variation and conservation priorities of vegetation along the Great Rift Valley escarpment, northern Ethiopia. Biodiversity and Conservation 21:2691–707.
  • Davis AP, Gole TW, Baena S, Moat J. 2012. The Impact of Climate Change on Indigenous Arabica Coffee (Coffea arabica): Predicting Future Trends and Identifying Priorities. PLoS ONE 7:e47981.
  • Eshete A, Sterck FJ, Bongers F. 2012. Frankincense production is determined by tree size and tapping frequency and intensity. Forest Ecology and Management 274:136–42.
  • Friis I, Wilmot-Dear M, Edmondson JR, Wondafrash M, Demissew S. 2012. The genus Plumbago (Plumbaginaceae) in Ethiopia and Eritrea. Webbia 67:157–77.
  • Neufeldt H, Dawson IK, Luedeling E, Ajayi OC, Beedy T, Gebrekirstos A, Jamnadass RH, König K, Sileshi GW, Simelton E, others. 2012. Climate change vulnerability of agroforestry. Working paper no. 143. Nairobi, Kenya: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) http://outputs.worldagroforestry.org/record/531/files/WP12013.pdf
  • Wondie M, Teketay D, Melesse AM, Schneider W. 2012. Relationship between topographic variables and land cover in the Simen Mountains National Park, a World Heritage Site in northern Ethiopia. International Journal of Remote Sensing Applications 2:36–43.


  • Aerts R, Thijs K, Lehouck V, Beentje H, Bytebier B, Matthysen E, Gulinck H, Lens L, Muys B. 2011. Woody plant communities of isolated Afromontane cloud forests in Taita Hills, Kenya. Plant Ecology 212:639–49.
  • Wana D, Beierkuhnlein C. 2011. Responses of plant functional types to environmental gradients in the south-west Ethiopian highlands. Journal of Tropical Ecology 27:289–304.